Unodc response to illicit drug trafficking within the framework of the regional programme for central america the regional programme for central america is the result of an in-depth consultation process fully supported by member states of the region. The illegal drug trade in latin america concerns primarily the production and sale of cocaine and cannabis, including the export of these banned substances to the united states and europe the coca cultivation is concentrated in the andes of south america, particularly in colombia, peru and bolivia this is the world's only source region for coca.
The united states remains the largest market globally for illicit drugs, and latin america is geographically the closest source of illicit drugs and the only source of cocaine but rising rates of drug use in europe have led to the establishment of new trafficking networks that use argentina, brazil, and venezuela as transshipment points. “the beginnings of large-scale narco-trafficking in latin america came with the production of coca and coca-based goods in peru and the movement of opium and marijuana from mexico into the united states” (hyland, 2011) the drug industry in latin america really began to establish itself in the 1980’s.
As a result of the concentration of drug trafficking, latin america and the caribbean have the world's highest crime rates, with murder reaching 326 per 100,000 of population in 2008. Emun 2016 ga1 - the issue of drug-trafficking cartels in latin america 8 the government's aim to bring the area under coca cultivation down to 38,000 hectares by 2021 presents a political challenge among other challenges for peru are its large illicit timber trade, which is facilitated by corruption and lack of controls.
Latin america is a crucial geographic zone for drug production and trafficking the andean countries of colombia, peru and bolivia are the world’s main cocaine producers, while central america, mexico and the caribbean have become the principal corridors for transporting drugs into the united states and europe. Drug trafficking is viewed as a primary threat to citizen security and us interests in latin america and the caribbean despite decades of anti-drug efforts by the united states and partner governments.
The story of drug trafficking in latin america borderland beat the drug cartels started to become a major issue for the government and civilian population of colombia “after the 1989 assassination of presidential candidate luis carlos galan” the next to presidential terms were “followed by a war against narco-terrorism that destroyed. Emun 2016 ga1 - the issue of drug-trafficking cartels in latin america 6 major parties involved and their views mexico although mexican drug cartels have existed for several decades, since the collapse of the colombian cali and medellín cartels in the 1990s, their influence has increased. Order from chaos the network effect: trafficking in illicit drugs, money, and people in latin america harold trinkunas thursday, december 3, 2015. Source: unodc world drug report, 2010 regional focus unodc response to illicit drug trafficking within the framework of the regional programme for central america the regional programme for central america is the result of an in-depth consultation process fully supported by member states of the region.
Major and growing illicit trafficking networks link latin america to europe, asia, and north america through these networks, illicit drugs and trafficked human beings flow towards the developed world, while dirty money and smuggled guns flow back in return. The evolution of drug trafficking and organized crime in latin america sociologia, problemas e practicas : 99-123 (2013) web 12 april 2014 beittel, june s. Drug trafficking isn’t a just latin american problem but rather an international issue in turn, it will take an international effort to continue making progress significant progress has been made in the recent years as there has been increased cooperation between the governments of the united states and many of the latin american countries.
The main supplier of illicit weapons and money flowing to latin america continues to be the united states, but other regional arms producers and drug consumers, such as brazil, play a role as well. The trafficking of illicit drugs is a signature latin american contribution to our globalized world, and today colombia and mexico play the paramount roles in terms of production and distribution while cocaine, heroin, and marijuana have long figured as primary trafficked products, in the recent past drug trafficking organizations (dtos) have increased shipments of methamphetamines. The production, trafficking, and distribution of drugs to consumers have moved geographically many times across latin america like all successful businesses, organizations for narco-production and narco-distribution have responded rapidly and extensively to changing tastes and strong market demands in the consumer countries especially the united states.